While the winters are the best time for catching a cold or a cough, there is no particular season when one can suffer from a sinus infection. Such an infection usually leads to a lot of discomfort, since the area around the eyes, nose and ears tends to swell up with fluid. This is why knowing the best antibiotics for sinus infection is quite important in most households. An antibiotic is a medicine that is known to fight bacterial infections. One of the best known antibiotics in Penicillin, as it was the first one every discovered!
There are two kinds of antibiotics that can be used for a sinus infection. One of these is a “Narrow Spectrum” antibiotic that is made in a way so that it only goes after a certain type of bacteria and lets the good bacteria grow in our body. Then there is a “Broad Spectrum” antibiotic that is made to target different types of bacteria in a single go. There are mostly four different antibiotics for sinus infection that fit into these two categories. However, these only target the sinus infections that are bacterial in nature. Viral sinus infections will show a relief in symptoms, but cannot be cured by antibiotics.
One of the most common antibiotic prescribed for a sinus patient is that of Amoxicillin. This works by slowly wiping out the bacteria in the body slowly by inhibiting their growth at an accelerated rate. However, a number of patients are seen to be allergic to Amoxicillin, which is a form of Penicillin. For such patients, doctors prescribe antibiotics called Macrolides, which is available in the form of Clarithromycin. These stop the bacteria from growing and supplements the body in fighting them. If required, a concentrated dose of the same will kill the bacteria completely. Both of these are narrow spectrum antibiotics for sinus infection.
Doctors also prescribe two kinds of broad spectrum antibiotics for the same. The first of these is Fluoroquinolones, which is given in the form of Moxifloxacin. This prevents the bacteria from replicating further and infecting the body. Other than that, plenty of doctors prescribe Cephalosporins, which is meant to be hypo-allergic. Patients who require a medicine that does not cause the side effects of penicillin are usually prescribed this one. These are the four main antibiotics for sinus infection.
A mild infection is usually targeted and brought under control by the narrow spectrum medicines. In case of a chronic infection that is starting to trigger further symptoms, one can go in for a broad spectrum medication. These are also effective in reducing the congestion that occurs due to sinusitis and brings relief to the patient.
When you find yourself having an attack of sinus infection, do not stay at home and tend to it for long. Although there are a number of natural home remedies that will reduce the symptoms for a while, you will have to take some medicine to cure the infection completely. Once you know the antibiotics for sinus infection that suit you best, you can keep them in stock in case of another sinus attack!